child learning theories
This first background chapter is concerned with child development theories. As a language teacher working with children, you will find that basic understanding of the cognitive, social and emotional development of different age groups will be helpful in teaching, and in planning, implementing and interpreting research. Second language learning in schools or in less formal environments should not be seen as an isolated process but instead as closely intertwined with cognitive development, learning about the world and developing as a person.
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- Freud’s psychosexual stage theory
- Erikson’s psychosocial stage theory
- Kohlberg’s moral understanding stage theory
- Piaget’s cognitive development stage theory
- Bronfenbrenner’s ecological systems theory
Though many scientists and researchers have approached the study of child development over the last hundred or so years, only a few of the theories that have resulted have stood the test of time and have proven to be widely influential. Among this core group of theories are five that will serve as the basis for the documents in this series. These are:
This lesson explores what it means to understand and apply various learning theories in the classroom and in teaching. Discover what concepts to consider when determining activities, lessons, and materials that are appropriate for an age group and for individual children. (K1.2 C1, CDA 8) 2 hours
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